Sai Geetha started off as a Java Developer and moved on to work as a Solution Architect and an Enterprise Architect. However, as a hobby she continues to don the hats of a Java Developer as well as an Android Developer. She loves to share what she learns with the larger community. In her interest to share her knowledge, she blogs Android tutorials at saigeethamn.blogspot.com and her other technical musings at sageethatechnical.blogspot.com. Sai Geetha is a DZone MVB and is not an employee of DZone and has posted 18 posts at DZone. You can read more from them at their website. View Full User Profile

Location Manager - Android Developer Tutorial

09.27.2011
| 8617 views |
  • submit to reddit
Location-based service is another key functionality that gets used by mobile applications. IT is often combined with maps to give a good user experience. We have already see how to use the external Google Maps API in tutorial Part 14. Here I will build upon the same to show how changes in location can be displayed on the map.

The location services are provided in the android.location package.


In order to use location services, our activity needs to implement the LocationManager Interface.
What does a LocationManager provide?


It is through this interface that an application can access the system’s location services. These services basically allow the application to obtain periodic updates of the device’s geographical location. It also helps in firing an application specific intent when the device comes within the proximity of a specified location.

Since in my example I want to simulate a location change and make my activity respond to the same, I am implementing this interface.


In order to make it an effective application, I have shown my location (hard-coded) on the google map. Then, I have used the location manager to handle any change in the location. The change in location needs to be simulated on the emulator by connecting through telnet. How to simulate location change is given at the end of this tutorial.


Now, dive into the code.


NOTE: I am adding the LocationManager implementation to the same MapActivity class created in the earlier tutorial (Part 14) and hence will not be explaining anything related to the maps API here.


Step 1: Obtain the LocationManager instance:

LocationManager lm = (LocationManager) getSystemService(Context.LOCATION_SERVICE);
lm.requestLocationUpdates(LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER, 1000L, 500.0f, this);


After getting the location manager, I am setting default GPS provider and asking to be notified if the location changes by more than 500 meters from the current location, the frequency of updation being 1 sec.


Step 2: Override the onLocationChanged() method in order to respond to changes in location.

      public void onLocationChanged(Location location) {
            if (location != null) {
                  double lat = location.getLatitude();
                  double lng = location.getLongitude();
                  String currentLocation = "The location is changed to Lat: " + lat + " Lng: " + lng;
                  myLoc.setText(currentLocation);
                  geoPoint = new GeoPoint((int) lat * 1000000, (int) lng * 1000000);
                  myMC.animateTo(geoPoint);
            }
      }
This method gets invoked when we change the location through the telnet connection to the emulator as described at the end of the tutorial. Based on the latitude and the longitude settings sent, the GeoPoint is changed to display the new location.


That is it. I have not overridden any of the other methods provided by the locationManager. Complete code is downloadable here.



How to simulate location change in the emulator?

Start the Emulator from eclipse

Start a command prompt

Start telnet

Then, type, o localhost 5554

This connects the telnet client to the android emulator (assuming emulator is running locally listening on port 5554. Else this connection fails)

Now type
geo fix 79.000000 13.000000 (or your latitude and longitude)

This sends the location change signal to the emulator.
References
Published at DZone with permission of Sai Geetha M N, author and DZone MVB. (source)

(Note: Opinions expressed in this article and its replies are the opinions of their respective authors and not those of DZone, Inc.)

Comments

Gagan Peter replied on Sat, 2012/04/14 - 4:37am

this was useful, I want to embed this map in another android app, what I mean to say is; I have developed an app that is built on android 2.2 target and not on google maps.. how do I hook them up?

Comment viewing options

Select your preferred way to display the comments and click "Save settings" to activate your changes.